Core Genome Multi-Locus Sequence Typing and Prediction of Antimicrobial Susceptibility Using Whole Genome Sequences of Escherichia coli Bloodstream Infection Isolates


In total, 50 Escherichia coli bloodstream isolates from the clinical laboratory and 12 E. coli isolates referred for pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were sequenced, assessed for clonality using core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST), and evaluated for genomic susceptibility predictions using ARESdb. Results of sequence typing using whole-genome sequencing (WGS)-based MLST and sequence type (ST)-specific PCR were identical. Overall categorical agreement between genotypic (ARESdb) and phenotypic susceptibility testing for 62 isolates and 11 antimicrobial agents was 91%. Among the referred isolates, high major error rates were found for ceftazidime, cefepime, and piperacillin-tazobactam.